So, my question really was — what can we (society/Govt) do to help the existing children of already single parents, achieve better career results?
Well, although having a single parent is already a strike against the child, there are certain things that go hand in hand with single parenting that can be addressed.
Another one of those “major indicators” that affects school performance for any child is consistency in the school system. Studies have shown consistently over decades that kids who stay in the same home for their school “careers”, meaning they stay with approximately the same student body from K through 12, are more successful than kids who switch schools a lot.
Single parents are more likely to be operating on the financial edge than married parents; and thus, they tend to move around quite a bit, constantly searching out what apartment or rental home can save them fifty bucks a month. This often leads to kids switching schools and districts every year or two.
So, affordable housing. We’re getting into a relative crisis in the US, because all the builders want to build larger homes that has more profit built into them, and the apartment companies (same thinking) want to build luxury units rather than low end units.
Anything thats done to encourage the availability of affordable housing would have a positive effect on single parent child performance; as would, of course, more good jobs.