The difference is that UBI is neutral, some will use it to learn, some will use it to produce art or science. Some will just play video games all day.
Or get drunk, or buy drugs, as I think history suggests.
But, you’re right. Here’s my estimate of who uses their UBI to do what:
Now, I am not just pulling these estimates out of my arse, it should be said. A thousand years ago when I was working on my masters, I took an Ed Psych course; there was a lively discussion in the class on the topic of extrinsic vs intrinsic motivation — and that discussion is the basis of that 84% number.
If you’re not familiar, a person who is INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED in education learns because they are interested in doing so. They do not need the carrot of a good job, a good grade, a cum laude diploma….whatever…in order to incent them to learn. Nor does the “whip” of failure (bad grade, shame, poverty) incent them in the opposite way. They learn (and do) because they find joy in their education or their work.
Conversely, a person who is EXTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED would do….well, nothing, without the goal of a good job or good grade, or without the fear of failure.
The problem is that most people (83–84%) in society are extrinsic motivators. They require the fear of something in order to get up and go to work, and that “fear” is generally poverty. Hence, I conclude that society’s extrinsic motivators, assuming the UBI is sufficient, will be more than happy to sit on their arses and go along for the ride.
Wondering if you’re an extrinsic or intrinsic motivated individual? Well, have you ever looked at Warren Buffet (or anyone who is rich) and said “Man, if I just had a FRACTION of that money, I’d chuck all of this BS and go find a beach to lay on.”?
If you have, then you’re probably extrinsically motivated.
I set the other two variables based on what I’ve read about the monies available from the government for community college tuition assistance, and how not all of it gets used. Everyone wants to better themselves; getting up off your arse and actually doing it is another thing entirely. Therefore, I assumed that the go-back-to-school types would be outnumbered by the creatives by a 2:1 margin, or thereabouts.
The 21st century has a load of impending employment problems. Let’s not just grab what looks like an easy solution because it’s there. Let’s think about what the repercussions to society will be. UBI would definitely free up people to “do what they want”; but what they will “want to do” is more likely to be antisocial than not, in my view.